Sun Don’t Set in the Mornin’

Three-part pentatonic round with challenging syncopated rhythms an ascending octave skip and submediant triad.

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  • GradeFifth (5)
  • Origin: United States – Virginia Folk Song – Round
  • Key: D Major
  • Time: 2/4
  • Form: ABA
  • Rhythm: intermediate: | ti ti ti ti ri | ti ti (ta) | ti ti ti/ ri | ti ta ti ri | syncopation, | ti ta ti | ti ti ti ti | ta/a |
  • Pitches: beginning: Do Re Mi So La Do – pentatonic scale 
  • Intervals: intermediate: Do/La (M6), Do/Mi (M3), So\Mi (m3), Do/Do (P8) tonic octave skip, Do8\La (m3), So/Do8 (P4), Mi\Do\La descending submediant triad, So/Do (P5)
  • Musical Elements: notes: half, quarter, dotted eighth, eighth, sixteenth; rests: quarter; repeated rhythmic patterns, repeated pitch patterns and intervals, descending submediant triad Mi\So\La, syncopation, ascending tonic octave skip Do/Do, vocal slurs, three-part round/canon
  • Key Words: United States history, Unites States geography: Virginia, Lord, sacred, contractions: singin’ (singing), mornin’ (morning), don’t (does not)

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Over There

Advanced intervals (tritones d4 – a5), repeated pitch and rhythmic syncopation, with accent marks.

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  • GradeFifth (5)
  • Origin: George M. Cohan 1878-1942 – circa 1917
  • Key: G Major
  • Time: 2/4
  • Form: AaBCBD
  • Rhythm: intermediate: | ta/a | ta/a_|_ti (ti) ti ti | _ = tie, | ti ta ti | syncopation, | ti ti ti ti | ta ti ti |
  • Pitches: advanced: So Si La Li Ti Do Re Mi Fa So 
  • Intervals: advanced: Mi\Do\La descending mediant Em triad, La/Re (P4), Fa\Re (m3), Re\La (P4), La\Si (m2), Li/Ti (m2), Ti/Mi A4 augmented 4th tritone, Re\Ti/Re (m3), Do/Mi (M3), Mi\Ti d5 diminished 5th tritone, Mi\So/Do (M3/P5), Re/So8 (P4), Do\So (P4), So/Mi (M6), Re\So (P5)
  • Musical Elements: notes: half, dotted quarter, quarter, eighth; rests: eighth; pickup beat, forward and ending repeats, first and second ending, repeated pitch and rhythmic syncopation, accents, accidentals: sharp: raised 5th (Si-D#), raised 6th (Li-E#), TRITONE: augmented 4th, diminished 5th
  • Key Words: United States history, World War Two WWII, military recruitment song, patriotic song, George M Cohan, onomatopoeia: drums – “rum-tumming, liberty, Every Son of Liberty, sweetheart, pine, kit (survival kit), Huns (nomadic people) Yanks, over-there (Europe)

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Pat-A-Pan

Minor tonality and a raised dominate (Si) add a different color to this onomatopoetic title.

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  • Grade: Fourth (4)
  • Origin: Traditional French Carol
    Bernard de La Monnoye (1641-1728)
  • Key: D minor
  • Time: 2/2
  • Form: ABC
  • Rhythm: beginners: | ta ta ta ta | ta ti ti ta ta | ta\a ta\a | ta\a ti ti ti ti | ta/a ta ta |
  • Pitches: intermediate: Si La Ti Do Re Mi – raised dominate Si
  • Intervals: intermediate: La/Mi (P5), MI\Do (M3), Re\Ti (m3), Ti/Mi (P4), Ti\Si (m3), Do\La (m3)
  • Musical Elements: notes: half, quarter, eighth; rests: none; minor tonality, the 6th/La of the relative major D-Major is the tonal center, repeated melodic and rhythm patterns, raised dominate (5th-Si)
  • Key Words: World Geography: France; French Carol, Bernard de La Monnoye, Christmas Carol, Bible Story, sacred, flute, drum, tune, King of Kings, God, Christmas day, praise, onomatopoeia: the sound of a drum; pat-a-pan

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Go Tell It on the Mountain

Adding the fourth (Fa) to the pentatonic scale with an interval of a minor seventh (m7).

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  • Grade:
  • Grade: Fifth (5)
  • Origin: United States – African American Spiritual
  • Key: F Major
  • Time: 4/4
  • Form: AB – Verse/Refrain
  • Rhythm: intermediate: | ta ta ta ta | ta ta/a ta | ta/a (ta) ta | ta/a ta/a | ta/a ti/ ri ti/ ri | ti ta ti ta ta | syncopation, | ti ti ti ti ta/a | ta ta ti ti ta | ta/a/a (ta) |
  • Pitches: intermediate: So La Do Re Mi Fa So La
  • Intervals: intermediate: Mi/So8 (m3), So\Mi\Do descending tonic triad, So/Fa (m7), Do\La (m3), So/Do P4)
  • Musical Elements: notes: dotted half, half, quarter, dotted eighth, eighth, sixteenth; rests: quarter; descending tonic triad, interval of a minor seventh So/Fa, syncopation, vocal slurs
  • Key Words: United Sates history, African American history, spiritual, Bible story, Christmas, sacred, mountain, King David, Lord, Jesus Christ, seeker, night and day, watchman, Him (God)

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Lukey’s Boat

Descending dominate triad (D Major), 2 perfect 4ths, and a major 6th.

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  • GradeFourth (4)
  • Origin: Newfoundland Folk Song
  • Key: G Major
  • Time: 4/4
  • Form: ABC
  • Rhythm: beginners: | ta ta ta ta | ta/a/a ta | ta ta ti ti ta |
  • Pitches: beginners: So La Ti Do Re Mi Fa So 
  • Intervals: intermediate: So/Do (P4), Mi\Do (M3), Re\La (P4), So/Mi (M6), Mi/So8\Mi (m3), Re\Ti (M3), Ti\So (m3), Re\Ti\So descending dominate triad (D Major)
  • Musical Elements: notes: dotted half, quarter, eighth, sixteenth; rests: none; walking quarter notes, pickup beat
  • Key Words: Newfoundland, sea shanty, seam, chinked, putty, planted copper nails, split pea, ten pound, riddle-i-day, patent, block, grub, tub, parts of a boat: fore cuddy, (forward cabin), high-topped sails, sheet (sails), jib (triangular sail), foremost (front) head

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Throw it Out the Window

A vocabulary builder with challenging rhythm changes to words most students will recognize.

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  • GradeThird (3)
  • Origin: United States: Nursery Rhyme Parody
  • Key: F Major
  • Time: 6/8
  • Form: ABCB
  • Rhythm: advanced: | ti ti ti ti ti ti | ti ti ti ta ti | ta/a/ ti | ta/ ta/ | ti ti ti ta ti ri | syncopation, | ta ti ta ti | ta/ ta ti | rhythms change with each verse’s syllables
  • Pitches: beginners: Ti Do Re Mi Fa So 
  • Intervals: intermediate: Mi\Do/Mi (M3), Re\Ti/Re (m3), Re/So (P4), Fa\Re (m3)
  • Musical Elements: notes: dotted quarter, quarter, eighth, sixteenth; rests: none; feeling duple meter in 6/8 where each beat is a dotted quarter, rhythmic changes with each verse’s lyrics, running eighth notes, syncopation
  • Key Words: Nursery Rhymes: Old Mother Hubbard, Old King Cole, Little Bo Peep, Little Back Horner, Little Miss Muffet, Jack and Jill, Jack Be Nimble, Humpty Dumpty, Peter, Peter, Pumpkin Eater, Oh where, Oh Where Has My Little Dog Gone, Yankee Doodle, A-tisket, A-tasket

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My Horses Ain’t Hungry

Introducing harmony while practicing major and minor thirds.

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  • GradeThird (3)
  • Origin: United States: Tennessee Folk Song
  • Key: F Major
  • Time: 3/4
  • Form: AB
  • Rhythm: beginners: | ta ta ta |ta (ta) ti ti | ta/a/a |
  • Pitches: beginners: Mi So La Do Re Mi So – pentatonic scale
  • Intervals: beginners: Do/Mi\Do (M3), Do\La (m3), So\Mi/So (m3), La/Do (m3), So8\Mi (m3)
  • Musical Elements: notes: dotted half, quarter, eighth; rests: quarter; harmony, pickup beat, pentatonic scale
  • Key Words: Geography: United States; Tennessee, horses, hungry, hay, feeding horses, pony, whoa, contractions: ain’t (are not), I’m (I am), I’ll (I will), won’t (will not)

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Morning Has Broken

Practicing the ascending tonic arpeggio and descending tonic triad.

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  • GradeFifth (5)
  • Origin: Traditional Gaelic Melody 
    Words: Eleanor Farjeon
  • Key: C Major
  • Time: 3/4
  • Form: ABCD
  • Rhythm: intermediate: | ta ta ta | ta/a/a | ta/ ti ta | syncopation
  • Pitches: intermediate: Do Re Mi So La Ti Do Re
  • Intervals: intermediate: Do/Mi/So/Do8 ascending tonic arpeggio, Re\Ti (m3), So\Do (P4), So\Mi\Do descending tonic triad, So\Mi/So (m3), So/Do8 (P4), Do\La (m3), La\Re (P5)
  • Musical Elements: notes: dotted half, dotted quarter, quarter, eighth; rests: quarter; tied notes, syncopation, repeated melodic patterns, vocal slurs
  • Key Words: Geography: Scotland, Gaelic; morning, blackbird, spoken, praise, sacred, singing, rain, sunlit, heaven, dew, grass, earth science, garden, Eden, fresh, sweetness, elation, completeness, recreation, His feet, God

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Yankee Doodle Boy

Raised tonic (Di), repeated rhythm patterns, and an unusual descending minor third Mi\Di.

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  • GradeFourth (4)
  • Origin: George M Cohan – 1904
  • Key: G Major
  • Time: 2/4
  • Form: ABAC
  • Rhythm: intermediate: | ta/ ti | ti ti ti ti | ta/a | ta/ (ti) | ta ta | ta (ta) | ti/ ri ti ti | syncopation, | ti ta ti | syncopation
  • Pitches: intermediate: So La Ti Do Di Re Mi Fa So 
  • Intervals: intermediate: Re\La/Re (P4), Re\Ti (M3), So/Do (P4), Do/Mi (M3), Mi\Di (m3), Do\La\Do (m3), Re\So (P5), 
  • Musical Elements: notes: half, dotted quarter, quarter, dotted eighth, eighth, sixteenth; rests: eighth; tied notes, syncopation, repeated rhythmic patterns, running eighth notes, raised tonic Di, 
  • Key Words: United States history, Veteran’s Day, Memorial Day, Broadway Musical: “Little Johnny Jones” (Tod Sloan, jockey), English Derby, Uncle Sam, Fourth of July, sweetheart, London, England, ponies, nephew

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Taps

Mastering the pitches of the tonic triad and arpeggio.

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  • GradeFourth (4)
  • Origin: Words: Horace Lorenzo Trip – Music: Traditional
  • Key: G Major
  • Time: 4/4
  • Form: Rhythm: AaB – Pitches: ABC
  • Rhythm: intermediate: | ti/ ri | ta/a/a ti/ ri | ta/a ta ta | ta ti/ ri ta ti/ ri | ta/a ta ta |
  • Pitches: intermediate: So Do Mi So – tonic arpeggio
  • Intervals: intermediate: So/Do (P4), So/Mi/Do inverted tonic triad, Do/Mi/So tonic triad, Mi\So (M6), Mi\Do (M3), So\Mi\Do\So descending inverted tonic arpeggio
  • Musical Elements: notes: dotted half, dotted eighth, quarter, sixteenth; rests: quarter; excellent practice of the tonic triad and arpeggio (root and inverted)
  • Key Words: American history, military funerals, flag ceremonies, Flag Day, Memorial Day, Veterans Day, also known as: “Day is Done”, “Butterfly’s Lullaby”, and “Scott Tattoo” (from 1835-1860), official recognition by US Army in 1874, sacred

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