Farewell, Spanish Ladies

Sharped subdominant (Fi, F#) and dominate (Si, G#), and a mediant octave skip (Mi/Mi) in A minor.

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  • Grade: Fifth
  • Origin: England - Sea Chantey*
  • Key: A minor (pitched in C Major)
  • Time: 3/4
  • Form: phrases: AaBC - song: AA - verse/chorus
  • Rhythmintermediate: | ta ta ta | ta/a ti/ ri | syncopation, | ta/a ta | ti ti ta ti/ ri | syncopation
  • Pitchesadvanced: Mi Fi Si La Ti Do Re Mi - raised/sharp subdominant (Fi), raised/sharp dominate (Si) functions as the leading tone for the parallel major (A Major)
  • Intervalsadvanced: Mi/La (P4), La\Si/La (m2),
    Si\Mi (M3), La/Re (P4), Ti/Mi (P4), Mi\La (P5), Ti\Si (M3)Si\Fi (M2)Fi\Mi (M2), Mi/Mi8 ascending mediate octave skip
  • Musical Elements: notes: half, quarter, dotted eighth, eighth, sixteenth; pickup beat, sharp subdominant (Fi, F#), sharp dominate (Si, G#), tempo: allegretto/moderately fast (98-109 BPM); note: melody moves between A minor and its parallel major, A Major
  • Key Wordsworld geography: Spain, England, Downs, Dodman, Rame Head, Plymouth, Start, Portland, Wight, Beachy, Fairlight, Dover (Dungeness), South Foreland, Ushant, Scilly; French word: adieu (long goodbye); ladies, received, Old England, short-time, rant, roar, British sailors, salt sea, strike surrounding, English Channel, sea leagues, hove (past of heave), ship, deep soundings, fathoms, squared the main yard, bore up; contractions: we'll (we will), 'twas (it was); abbreviation: sou'west (southwest)
  • Recorderadvanced: introducing F# and G#, played in a minor tonality

* Describing a voyage from Spain to the Downs.


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